The brain is biologically wired only for oral language—speaking, listening, and understanding—not for written language. There are no genes and no neurological or biological structures specific to reading and writing.  In order to successfully read and write, each brain must “repurpose” regions biologically designed for other purposes and create new circuits and neural connections. 

"Across all written languages, reading development involves: a re-arrangement of older structures to make new learning circuits; a capacity for specialization in working groups of neurons within these structures for representing information; and automaticity - the capacity of these neuronal groups and learning circuits to retrieve and connect this information at nearly automatic rates."

~ Dr. Maryanne Wolf, Proust and the Squid

It's time for spell-Links.

An extensive body of current reading science research conducted across multiple disciplines has shed new light on best practices for teaching students to become effective readers and writers. These leading researchers tell us that it's time to shift away from traditional phonics word study methods and move towards speech-to-print connectionist methods of word study instruction. It's time for SPELL-Links to Reading & Writing

the five block connectionist model

SPELL-Links to Reading & Writing is based on current reading science research, including brain-imaging studies. The structured literacy curriculum uses a Connectionist Word Study approach to teaching reading and writing, employing multi-linguistic and meta-linguistic word study instruction. This approach builds literacy with instructional methods and activities that develop, connect, and integrate the different processes and regions of the brain involved in effective reading and writing. With SPELL-Links students develop specialized knowledge and skill in the five language blocks of word study - phonological awareness, orthographic knowledge, semantics, morphological knowledge, and mental orthographic images. At the same time, students engage and connect multiple language centers of the brain to establish and strengthen the vital neural functional connectivity that is needed for efficient reading and writing.


And so is spell-links.

SPELL-Links uses a speech-to-print word study approach that leverages the brain's innate, biological wiring and organization for oral language. Unlike other reading programs, which begin with the written letter and teach students to match the letter to a sound, SPELL-Links first helps students learn how to attend to the sound structure of spoken English words and then how to connect and combine sounds (phonology), letter patterns (orthography, mental orthographic images), and meanings (semantics, morphology) to read and spell words. This is exactly how the brain works in good readers and writers! 

With SPELL-Links students also develop meta-linguistic abilities and build executive function proficiency that empowers them to independently apply their word study knowledge, skills, and strategies to successfully and independently read, write, and spell every day, not just during the classroom lesson or on the weekly test.

the human brain:

biologically wired for ​oral language​​

the human brain:

re-wired for written language

In order to successfully read, write, and spell, the human brain must “repurpose” regions of the brain biologically designed for other purposes, develop specialization of neurons, create new circuits and connections attuned to written language, and develop efficiency within these newly formed neural connections to achieve functional connectivity. Learning to read and write is not just about acquiring knowledge, it's about establishing functional connectivity. For most students, this re-wiring of the brain requires multi-linguistic, multi-modality structured literacy instruction using Connectionist Word Study instructional methods. SPELL-Links to Reading & Writing provides this research-based instruction.